Why did Prophet Muhammad Raid Caravans in Medina?

In the name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful

One of the claims ofttimes created by anti-Muslim websites is that when Prophet Muhammad immigrated to Medina, he became a military leader and launched offensive wars against the tribes around him for worldly gains. The reality is that the Meccan aristocracy had been violently impatient of the new faith from the terribly starting. The Muslims were forced to require up arms in defense of their right to observe Islam.

After the Prophet fled to Medina following thirteen years of ill-treatment, the Quraish issued Associate in nursing demand to the leadership of Medina that they need to kill the Prophet or face war. They wrote to Medina saying:You have given protection to our companion. we tend to swear by God that you just should fight him or exile him, as an alternative we are going to come back at you fully force. We are going to kill your fighting men and take your ladies.

The Meccans weren’t content to let the Muslims worship in peace. Sa’d ibn Mu’adh, one among the Prophet’s companions, visited Mecca to perform his pilgrim’s journey at the sacred masjid. Whereas he was there, Abu Jahl, one among the leaders of Mecca, issued Associate in Nursing open threat:I see you going around Mecca firmly whereas you have got given protection to a heretic.

I imagine you’re supporting and serving to him. By Allah, if you weren’t within the company of Abu Sufyan, i might not allow you to safely come to your family.In different words, if Sa’d had not been below the protection of Abu Sufyan, a strong social group leader, then Abu Jahl would have had him killed.In this context, God disclosed a verse permitting the Muslims to defend themselves when having needed them to be with patience endures up to the present purpose.

Allah said:

Permission to fight has been given to those that area unit being fought; as a result of they were wronged. Verily, God is in a position to offer them triumph. They’re those that are evicted from their homes while not right and solely as a result of they say: Our Lord is God.This verse makes clear that the rationale the Muslims were allowed to fight was as a result of they’d been driven out and violently laden solely owing to their faith.

Because the Meccans were making ready for war, the Muslims ready to launch raids on their caravans as a method to disrupt their economic war-making capabilities. What’s additional, the Meccans had appropriated the property that the Muslims had left behind and were taking it to Syrian Arab Republic to be oversubscribed for war funds.Despite suffering this ill-treatment.

The Prophet commanded the Muslims to stick to the best customary of conduct and he prohibited them from plundering the enemy’s wealth.The Prophet, peace and blessings are upon him, prohibited plundering and accidental injury.The Prophet declared that the one World Health Organization plunders, robs, and loots individuals isn’t a real Muslim.

Abu Huraira reported: The traveler of God, peace and blessings is upon him, said:The outlaw isn’t a believer whereas he’s stealing. The pillager isn’t a believer whereas he’s plundering and therefore the individual’s area unit looking him.Imran ibn Hussein reported: The traveler of God, peace and blessings is upon him, said:Whoever plunders the wealth of others isn’t one among United States of America.

In another narration, the Prophet said:Whoever isn’torious for plunder is not one among United States of America.On one occasion, the Prophet saw that a number of his companions had pillaged the enemy’s sheep. He commanded them to come the property to their homeowners.Tha’labah ibn Hakam reported: we tend to found some sheep of the enemy.

Thus we tend to pillaged them and got wind of our change of state pots. The Prophet glided by and ordered that they be turned. The Prophet, peace and blessings are upon him, said:Verily, plunder is unlawful.As mentioned within the verse, permission was given to fight back solely as a response to aggression. Muslims area unit allowed fighting for the proper to observe Islam and to defend innocent individuals from oppression.

No different motives area unit permissible, particularly to not fight for worldly gains and spoils.Abu Huraira reported: a person aforementioned, “O traveler of God, a person intends to fight for the sake of God and he’s seeking worldly gains.” The traveler of God, peace and blessings is upon him, said:There is no reward for him.The individuals found that terribly tough and that they aforementioned.

Return to the traveler of God, for maybe he failed to perceive you.” the person came and he aforementioned, “O traveler of God, a person intends to fight for the sake of God and he’s seeking worldly gain.” The Prophet said:There is no reward for him.Then he came a 3rd time and therefore the Prophet said:There is no reward for him.Nevertheless, the gathering of spoils is Associate in nursing incidental consequence of war.

The Prophet would collect the spoils and distribute them equitably among the community as charity. Moreover, the Prophet forbade Muslims from killing non-combatants and civilians, and he commanded them to behave magnanimously with the enemy.Anas ibn leader reported: The traveler of God, peace and blessings is upon him, aforementioned to his army:

Go forward within the name of God, with Allah, and upon the faith of the traveler of God. Don’t kill the aged, children, tykes, or women. Don’t steal from the spoils however collect them, and behave righteously and within the best manner. Verily, God loves those that behave within the best manner.To conclude, the Prophet launched raids against the Meccan caravans in response to their declaration of war.

The raids were meant to impede the Meccan’s plans to attack the new community in Medina. Even so, the Prophet prohibited his companions from stealing from the enemy and he told his army to behave honorably with them.Success comes from God, and God is aware of best.

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