Commenting on this domestic help, Ibn Kathir rahimahullaah, said: “Imaam ash-Shafi’ee complete from this ayaah that reciting the Qur’aan doesn’t profit the dead, as a result of it’s not from their doing and earning. For this reason, Allaah’s courier sallallaahu ‘alayhi WA sallam didn’t advocate it to his Islamic Ummah, encourage them to try and do it, or guide them to that with a text or a touch. Nor was such a factor reportable from any of the sahaabah rahimahullaah.
Had this been any smart, they’d have preceeded North American country in doing it. Matters of worship should be restricted to the texts, and don’t seem to be prone to modifications supported analogies and opinions.” (Tafseer Qur’aan il-‘Adheem) it’s normally true that one cannot take pleasure in different people’s deeds once his death. However this has necessary exceptions elaborated during this chapter.
When the Muslims pray janazah for his or her deceased brother, they’re granted intercession for him. The additional the amount of Muslims World Health Organization take part the prayer, the additional useful it’s for the deceased.This means that Allaah takes their testimony and supplication concerning the deceased’s apparent actions as a comfortable reason for forgiveness.
Since those Muslims World Health Organization related to him didn’t realize any major drawback to forestall them from supplicating for him, Allaah the foremost generous accepts that and agrees to forgive several of his hidden sins that they didn’t recognize. Anas and ‘Aishah rahimahullaah reportable that Allaah’s courier sallallaahu ‘alayhi WA sallam said:
Whenever a (Muslim) person dies, and a gaggle of Muslims enumeration 100 prays janazah for him, all interceding on his behalf, their intercession is granted (by Allaah) and he’s forgiven.” (Muslim and others).Ibn ‘Abbas rahimahullaah reportable that Allaah’s courier sallallaahu ‘alayhi WA sallam aforementioned, “Whenever a Muslim man dies, and forty men symbolize his janazah prayer, all of them not change of integrity something with Allaah in worship, Allaah grants them intercession for him.” (Muslim and others).
Maymunah rahimahullaah reportable that Allaah’s courier sallallaahu ‘alayhi WA sallam aforementioned, “Whenever a (Muslim) person dies, and a gaggle of (Muslim) individuals pray janazah for him, they’re granted intercession for him.” (an-Nasa’i, verified hasan by al-Albaanee, sahih ul-jami’. no. 5787).Maalik ibn Hubayrah rahimahullaah reportable that Allaah’s courier sallallaahu ‘alayhi WA sallam aforementioned, “Whenever a Muslim dies, and 3 lines of Muslims pray janazah for him, he’s granted forgiveness.
(Ahmad, Abu Dawud, and others, verified hasan by al-Haafidh and others; al-Albaanee disagrees with this as a result of Muhammad ibn Ishaaq one in every of the narrators is understood to be a mudallis (one World Health Organization is ambiguous in stating his sources) and didn’t declare direct hearing of this report (Ahkaam ul-Janaa’iz, 128). nonetheless the Prophet’s sallallaahu ‘alayhi WA sallam follow of forming 3 lines for janazah prayer provides an additional supporting proof for this hadith).
DEEDS OF revived profit
Any smart deed that a Muslim starts throughout his time period, which is of revived profit and in progress use for the Muslims, can still profit him and augment his record of excellent deeds, even once his departure – as long as its advantages still reach others. Allaah subhanahu WA ta’ala says – “We record that (deeds) that they need advocate and their traces (that that they need left behind).” (Yaa-Seen 36:12)
Abu Hurayrah rahimahullaah reportable that Allaah’s courier sallallaahu ‘alayhi WA sallam said: “When an individual’s being dies, all of his deeds area unit terminated aside from 3 types: Associate in Nursing in progress sadaqah, a data (of Islaam) from that others profit, and a righteous kid World Health Organization makes du’aa for him.” (Muslim and others).
A charity that he gave from his wealth throughout his healthy time period so it might reach him (in rewards) once death.” (Ibn Maajah et al. Verified hasan by al-Mundhiri and al-Albaanee). Commenting on this, al-Mundhiri rahimahullaah said: “Some students say that the deeds of an individual’s being finish along with his death. However, since he had caused this stuff (which area unit mentioned within the higher than hadiths).
Like the earning of a toddler, scattering the data among people who take it from him, compilation a book that continues to be once him, or establishing a sadaqah, the rewards of those things still reach him as long as they still exist.” (‘Awn al-Ma’bud, 8:86)
The reason that one continues to receive rewards for these deeds although they’re done by people, is that he had initiated them throughout his life or contributed to them to an explicit degree, whether or not very little or giant. Since Allaah doesn’t neglect Associate in nursing atom’s weight of deeds, He records these contribution for someone even once his death.
Abu al-Wafaa’ bin ‘Aqeel said: “The best clarification for this in my read is that an individual’s being, by his efforts and smart conduct, had earned friends, made kids, married spouses, done good, and was amiable to the individuals. Due to this, they invoke mercy for him and benefit on his behalf. All of this can be then results of his own earning.”
(ar-Ruh, Ibn al-Qayyim, p.171). And Rasheed Ridaa rahimahullaah aforementioned, “Among the deeds that profit someone, although they’re done by others, area unit people who count like his own as a result of he caused them, like his children’s supplication for him, or their playacting pilgrim’s journey, giving sadaqah, or fast on his behalf – all of that having been established with authentic hadiths.” (Tafseer al-Manaar 8:247)
CHARITABLE DEEDS FROM a toddler
One’s kid is from his earning
The higher than hadiths indicate that a righteous kid advantages his deceased oldsters with du’aa. It’s any incontestable here that he will profit them by disbursement sadaqah, similarly as doing different charitable deeds, on their behalf. ‘Aishah rahimahullaah reportable that Allaah’s courier sallallaahu ‘alayhi WA sallam aforementioned, “Indeed the most effective that one chuck is that that he earns. And his kid is from his earning.” (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, and others. Verified sahih by al-Albaanee in Akhaam ul-Jana’iz, 217).
The reason for this can be that a parent advantages himself by rearing his kid per the teachings of Islaam, and exerting an identical effort to boost him as a righteous person. Because the kid grows into adulthood and will righteous deeds, his oldsters merit an advantage therein they helped him accomplish that and his smart actions area unit thus, a minimum of partially, from his parents’ earning.
Sadaqah from a toddler A’ishah rahimahullaah reportable that a person asked Allaah’s courier sallallaahu ‘alayhi WA sallam, “My mother had overtime, and didn’t have probability to gift something. Had she been able to do, I feel that she would have given sadaqah. Would she or i buy any rewards if I provide sadaqah on her behalf?” He sallallaahu ‘alayhi WA sallam replied, “Yes! Therefore provide sadaqah on her behalf” (al-Bukhaaree, Muslim and others).
Ibn ‘Abbas rahimahullaah reportable that Sa’d bin ‘Ubadah’s mother died throughout his absence on a visit. He came to the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi WA sallam and asked him, “O Allaah’s Messenger! My mother has kicked the bucket throughout my absence. Would it not be of profit to her if I provide sadaqah on her behalf?” He sallallaahu ‘alayhi WA sallam replied, “Yes!” He aforementioned, “Be my witness then that I provide my fruitful garden as sadaqah on her behalf.”
Abu Hurayrah rahimahullaah reportable that a person asked the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi WA sallam “My father has died, dropping a wealth; however he didn’t gift something. Would it not facilitate him if I provide sadaqah on his behalf?” He sallallaahu ‘alayhi WA sallam replied, “Yes!”. (Muslim, Ahmad and others).