The Islamic law governs the Muslim marriages and there are three religious processes that unite a man and woman under the institution of marriage. The process are the Nikah, Dukhlah and Walimah as per the writing in the Quran. The marriage process does not contain any engagement ceremony like those found in the other cultures. The uniting of the man and the woman is a very short process.
This is a very short ceremony that will bring together the man and the woman legally in the presence of the two witnesses and imam. The process is sanctified through the delivery of khutbah sermon by the Imam.
The Groom will have to sign a contract after he accepts the dowry given to him by the bride. Though the process is very short but this is the major one that legally binds the man and the woman in a relationship.
This is the next ceremony after the marriage wherein the bride and the groom are sent off to live together. This ceremony is also known by other name as Rukhsati in India and Pakistan. This process is done rather lavishly and involves huge spending from both the sides.
Though the actual marriage is a small process this in fact adds up to lot of glamour and money as well. This helps the bride and the groom to get to know each other and spend some time also.
This is the final ceremony of the Muslim marriage as per the Islamic law. It usually takes place two days after the Dukhlah ceremony. It’s a feast given in favour of the bride and grooms to officially announce the wedding. Dinner or lunch is organised and all the relatives are invited to let them know about the marriage.
It involves a huge gathering of friends, relatives and others of both the bride and the groom. The families of the bride groom will make an official announcement about the marriage. The bride and the groom will then change the engagement rings to their left hand from right hand.
There will be lot of dance and music and other entertainment in the Walimah function. People will be in a celebration mood during the Walimah and the relatives will also take part in the dance and music. In Oman, the bride and the groom will be seated in separate places during the walimah function and is a very formal ceremony.
Though it’s been nearly thousand years since the ceremonies have been written in the Quran there has been no drastic changes in them. The basic ceremonies are the same but there could be slight changes in some of the customs and the rituals. Many couples have been united under the traditional Muslim matrimony laws and abide by the writings of the Quran.